The Cambridge Ancient History

Collective academic books on ancient history

The Cambridge Ancient History
CountryUnited Kingdom
PublisherCambridge University Press
Published1924–1939; 1970–2005
No. of books12 (first series)
19 (second series)

The Cambridge Ancient History is a multi-volume work of ancient history from Prehistory to Late Antiquity, published by Cambridge University Press. The first series, consisting of 12 volumes, was planned in 1919 by Irish historian J. B. Bury and published between 1924 and 1939, co-edited by Frank Adcock and Stanley Arthur Cook.[1] The second series was published between 1970 and 2005, consisting of 14 volumes in 19 books.

The Cambridge Ancient History is part of a larger series of works, along with The Cambridge Medieval History and The Cambridge Modern History, intended to cover the entire history of European civilisation.[2] In the original edition, it was the last in this series to appear, the first volume of the Modern History having been published in 1902, and the first volume of the Medieval History in 1911.[3] In the second series, however, the Ancient History began to be published before the Medieval History.[4]

First series

  1. Egypt and Babylonia to 1580 B.C. (1923).
  2. The Egyptian and Hittite Empires to c. 1000 B.C. (1924).
  3. The Assyrian Empire. (1926).
  4. The Persian Empire and the West. (1926).
  5. Athens. 478–401 B.C. (1927).
  6. Macedon. 401–301 B.C. (1927).
  7. The Hellenistic Monarchies and the Rise of Rome. (1928).
  8. Rome and the Mediterranean. 218–133 B.C. (1930).
  9. The Roman Republic. 133–44 B.C. (1932).
  10. The Augustan Empire. 44 B.C.–A.C. 70. (1934).
  11. The Imperial Peace. A.D. 70–192. (1936).
  12. The Imperial Crisis and Recovery. A.D. 193–324. (1939).

Second series

Volumes published

Chapter Title Author
1 The geological ages David Leslie Linton & F. Moseley
2 Physical conditions in Eastern Europe, Western Asia and Egypt before the period of agricultural and urban settlement K. W. Butzer
3 Primitive Man in Egypt, Western Asia and Europe in Palaeolithic times, & in Mesolithic times Dorothy A. E. Garrod & Grahame Clark
4 The evidence of Language William F. Albright & Thomas Oden Lambdin
5 The earliest populations of man in Europe, Western Asia and Northern Africa D. R. Hughes & Donald Reginald Brothwell
6 Chronology: I. Egypt—to the end of the Twentieth Dynasty. II. Ancient Western Asia. III. The Aegean Bronze Age William C. Hayes, Michael B. Rowton, Frank Henry Stubbings
7 (a) The earliest settlements in Western Asia from the ninth to the end of the fifth millennium B.C. (b) Anatolia before 4000 B.C. James Mellaart
8 The development of cities from Al-'Ubaid to the end of Uruk 5 Max Edgar Lucien Mallowan
9 (a) Predynastic Egypt (b) Palestine during the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods (c) Cyprus during the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods Elise Jenny Baumgartel, Roland de Vaux, Hector William Catling
10 The Stone Age in the Aegean S. S. Weinberg
  • I part II (1971): Early History of the Middle East – edited by I. E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, N. G. L. Hammond
Chapter Title Author
11 The Early Dynastic Period in Egypt I. E. S. Edwards
12 The last Predynastic Period in Babylonia Henri Frankfort & Leri Davies
13 The cities of Babylonia C. J. Gadd
14 The Old Kingdom in Egypt and the beginning of the First Intermediate Period W. Stevenson Smith
15 Palestine in the early Bronze Age Roland de Vaux
16 The Early Dynastic Period in Mesopotamia Max Edgar Lucien Mallowan
17 Syria before 2200 B.C. Margaret Stefana Drower & Jean Bottéro
18 Anatolia c.4000–2300 B.C. James Mellaart & Carl William Blegen
19 The dynasty of Agade and the Gutian invasion C. J. Gadd
20 The Middle Kingdom in Egypt William C. Hayes
21 Syria and Palestine c.2160–1780 B.C. Georges Posener, Jean Bottéro, Kathleen Mary Kenyon
22 Babylonia c. 2120–1800 B.C. C. J. Gadd
23 Persia c.2400–1800 B.C. Walther Hinz
24 Anatolia c.2300–1750 B.C. James Mellaart, Carl William Blegen, Hildegard Lewy
25 Assyria c.2600–1816 B.C. Hildegard Lewy
26 Greece, Crete, and the Aegean islands in the early Bronze Age John Langdon Caskey & Hector William Catling
27 Immigrants from the north R. A. Crossland
  • II part I: History of the Middle East and the Aegean Region c.1800-1380 – edited by I. E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, N. G. L. Hammond, L. Sollberger
Chapter Title Author
1 Northern Mesopotamia and Syria J. R. Kupper
2 Egypt: from the death of Ammenemes III to Seqenenre II William C. Hayes
3 Palestine in the Middle Bronze Age Kathleen M. Keyton
4 Greece and the Aegean Islands in the Middle Bronze Age John Langdon Caskey
5 The maturity of Minoan civilization F. Matz
6 Cyprus in the Middle Bronze Age H. W. Catling
7 Hammurabi and the end of his dynasty C. J. Gadd
8 Anatolia c. 1750–1600 BC Oliver R. Gurney
9 Persia c. 1800–1550 BC O. Walther Hinz
10 Egypt: from the expulsion of the Hyksos to Amenophis I T. G. H. James
11 Egypt: internal affairs from Tuthmosis I to the death of Amenophis III William C. Hayes
12 Syria c. 1550–1400 BC Margaret S. Drower
13 Palestine in the time of the Eighteenth Dynasty Kathleen Mary Keyton
14 The Zenith of Minoan civilization F. Matz
15 The linear scripts S. Dow and J. Chadwick
16 The rise of Mycenaean civilization Frank H. Stubbings
17 Anatolia C. 1660–1380 BC Oliver R. Gurney
18 Troy VI Carl William Blegen
19 The archaeological evidence of the second millennium BC on the Persian Plateau Robert H. Dyson
  • II part II: History of the Middle East and the Aegean Region c.1380-1000
  • III part I: The Prehistory of the Balkans; and the Middle East and the Aegean world, tenth to eighth centuries B.C.
  • III part II: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries B.C.
  • III part III: The Expansion of the Greek World, Eighth to Sixth Centuries B.C. – edited by John Boardman, N. G. L. Hammond
  • IV: Persia, Greece and the Western Mediterranean C. 525 to 479 B.C.
  • V: The Fifth Century B.C.
  • VI: The Fourth Century B.C.
  • VII part I: The Hellenistic World
  • VII part II: The Rise of Rome to 220 B.C.
Chapter Title Author
1 The sources for early Roman history R M Ogilvie and A Drummond
2 Archaic Rome between Latium and Etruria M Torelli
3 The origins of Rome A Momigliano
4 Rome in the fifth century I: the social and economic framework A Drummond
5 Rome in the fifth century II: the citizen community A Drummond
6 Rome and Latium to 390 BC T J Cornell
7 The recovery of Rome T J Cornell
8 The conquest of Italy T J Cornell
9 Rome and Italy in the early third century E S Staveley
10 Pyrrhus P R Franke
11 Carthage and Rome H H Scullard
12 Religion in republican Rome J A North
  • VIII: Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 B.C.
Chapter Title Author
1 Sources A E Astin
2 The Carthaginians in Spain H H Scullard
3 The Second Punic war John Briscoe
4 Rome and Greece to 205 BC R M Errington
5 Roman expansion in the west W V Harris
6 Roman government and politics, 200–134 BC A E Astin
7 Rome and Italy in the second century BC E Gabba
8 Rome against Philip and Antiochus R M Errington
9 Rome, the fall of Macedon, and the sack of Corinth P S Derow
10 The Seleucids and their rivals C Habicht
11 The Greeks of Bactria and India A K Narain
12 Roman tradition and the Greek world Elizabeth Rawson
13 The transformation of Italy, 300–133 BC. The evidence of archaeology Jean-Paul Morel
  • IX: The Last Age of the Roman Republic, 146-43 B.C.
Chapter Title Author Pages
1 The crisis of the Republic: sources and source-problems Andrew Lintott 1–15
2 The Roman empire and its problems in the second century Andrew Lintott 16–39
3 Political history, 146–95 BC Andrew Lintott 40–103
4 Rome and Italy: the Social war E Gabba 104–28
5 Mithridates John G F Hind 129–64
6 Sulla Robin Seager 165–207
7 The rise of Pompey Robin Seager 208–28
8a Lucullus, Pompey, and the East A N Sherwin-White 229–73
8b The Jews under Hasmonean rule Tessa Rajak 274–309
8c Egypt, 146–31 BC Dorothy J Thompson 310–26
9 The senate and the populares, 69–60 BC T P Wiseman 327–67
10 Caesar, Pompey, and Rome, 59–50 BC T P Wiseman 368–423
11 Caesar: civil war and dictatorship Elizabeth Rawson 424–67
12 The aftermath of the Ides Elizabeth Rawson 468–90
13 The constitution and public criminal law Duncan Cloud 491–530
14 The development of Roman private law J A Crook 531–63
15 The administration of the empire John Richardson 564–98
16 Economy and society, 133–43 BC C Nicolet 599–643
17 The city of Rome and the plebs urbana in the late republic Nicholas Purcell 644–88
18 The intellectual developments of the Ciceronian age Miriam Griffin 689–728
19 Religion Mary Beard 729–768
Epilogue J A Crook 769–76
  • X: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.-A.D. 69
Chapter Title Author
1 The triumviral period Christopher Pelling
2 Political history, 30 BC to AD 14 J A Crook
3 Augustus: power, authority, achievement J A Crook
4 The expansion of the empire under Augustus Erich S Gruen
5 Tiberius to Nero T E J Widemann
6 From Nero to Vespasian T E J Widemann
7 The imperial court Andrew Wallace-Hadrill
8 The imperial finances D W Rathbone
9 The senate and senatorial and equestrian posts Richard J A Talbert
10 Provincial administration and taxation Alan K Bowman
11 The army and the navy Lawrence Keppie
12 The administration of justice H Galsterer
13a Italy and Rome from Sulla to Augustus M H Crawford
13b Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica R J A Wilson
13c Spain G Alföldy
13d Gaul C Goudineau
13e Britain 43 BC to AD 69 John Wacher
13f Germany C Rüger
13g Raetia J Wolff
13h The Danubian and Balkan provinces J J Wilkes
13i Roman Africa: Ausutus to Vespasian C R Whittaker
13j Cyrene Joyce Reynolds and J A Lloyd
14a Greece (including Crete and Cyprus) and Asia minor from 43 BC to AD 69 B M Levick
14b Egypt Alan K Bowman
14c Syria David Kennedy
14d Judaea Martin Goodman
15 Rome and its development under Augustus and his successors Nicholas Purcell
16 The place of religion: Rome in the early empire S R F Price
17 The origins and spread of Christianity G W Clarke
18 Social status and social legislation Susan Treggiari
19 Literature and society Gavin Townend
20 Roman art, 43 BC to AD 69 Mario Torelli
21 Early classical private law Bruce W Frier
  • XI: The High Empire, A.D. 70-192
  • XII: The Crisis of Empire, A.D. 193–337
  • XIII: The Late Empire, A.D. 337–425
  • XIV: Late Antiquity: Empire and Successors, A.D. 425–600


  1. ^ Rhodes, P. J. "The Cambridge Ancient History" (PDF). Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  2. ^ Westermann, William Linn (1928). "The Progress of the Cambridge Ancient History". Political Science Quarterly. 43 (2): 266. doi:10.2307/2143304. JSTOR 2143304.
  3. ^ Rhodes, P. J. "The Cambridge Ancient History" (PDF). p. 19. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  4. ^ Rhodes, P. J. "The Cambridge Ancient History" (PDF). p. 21. Retrieved 28 March 2013.

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